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Crazy-Makers: Dealing with Passive-Aggressive People

Why Are People Mean? Don't Take It Personally!

When You Have Been Betrayed

Struggling to Forgive: An Inability to Grieve

Happy Habits: 50 Suggestions

The Secret of Happiness: Let It Find You (But Make the Effort)

Excellence vs. Perfection

Depression is Not Sadness

Conflict in the Workplace

Motivation: Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic

20 Steps to Better Self-Esteem

7 Rules and 8 Methods for Responding to Passive-aggressive People

Promoting Healthy Behavior Change

10 Common Errors in CBT

What to Do When Your Jealousy Threatens to Destroy Your Marriage

Rejection Sensitivity, Irrational Jealousy and Impact on Relationships

For Women Only: How to Have the Relationship of Your Dreams

What to Do When Your Partner's Jealousy Threatens to Destroy Your Relationship

Making Attributions for a Healthier Attitude

Happiness is An Attitude

Thinking Your Way to a Healthy Weight

Guide to How to Set Achieveable Goals

The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Anxiety Disorders

Co-Dependency: An Issue of Control

The Pillars of the Self-Concept: Self-Esteem and Self-Efficacy

Catastrophe? Or Inconvenience?


Panic Assistance

Motivational Audios

Mindfulness Training

Rational Thinking

Relaxation for Children

Change Yourself--Don't Wait for the World to Change

Loving Kindness Meditation

Self-Esteem Exercise

Meadow Relaxation

Rainy Autumn Morning

Energizing Audios

Quick Stress Relief

Thinking Your Way to a Healthy Weight

Lies You Were Told

Choosing Happiness

Lotus Flower Relaxation

Audio Version of Article: Crazy-Makers: Passive-Aggressive People

Audio Version of Article: Why Are People Mean? Don't Take It Personally!

Audio Version of Article: Happiness Is An Attitude

All Audio Articles

Kindle Books by Dr. Monica Frank


Emotion Training: What is it and How Does it Work?

How You Can Be More Resistant to Workplace Bullying

Are You Passive Aggressive and Want to Change?

When Your Loved One Refuses Help

The Porcupine Effect: Pushing Others Away When You Want to Connect

What if You Considered Other Peoples' Views?

5 Common Microaggressions Against Those With Mental Illness

What to Expect from Mindfulness-based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (MCBT) When You Have Depression and Anxiety

Does Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Lack Compassion? It Depends Upon the Therapist

When Needs Come Into Conflict

What to Do When Anger Hurts Those You Love

A Brief Primer On the Biology of Stress and How CBT Can Help

50 Tools for Panic and Anxiety

Coping With Change: Psychological Flexibility

Breaking Up is Hard to Do: Ending a Bad Relationship

I'm Depressed. I'm Overwhelmed. Where Do I Start?


Building Blocks Emotion Training

Hot Springs Relaxation

5 Methods to Managing Anger

Panic Assistance While Driving

Autogenic Relaxation Training

Rainbow Sandbox Mindfulness

Mindfulness Training

Riding a Horse Across the Plains

Cityscape Mindfulness

Change Yourself--Don't Wait for the World to Change

The Great Desert Mindfulness

Tropical Garden Mindfulness

Thinking Your Way to a Healthy Weight

Lies You Were Told

Probability and OCD

Choosing Happiness

Magic Bubbles for Children

Lotus Flower Relaxation

Cloud Castles for Children

Hot Air Balloon Motivation

All Audio Articles

PsychNotes October 2015

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October 3, 2015       

Mindfulness Training Shows Promise for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

by Monica A. Frank, Ph.D.
A number of studies show that mindful techniques can help reduce the problems associated with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Research is still in the early stages and more is necessary to draw strong conclusions. However, this early research is promising in showing that mindfulness training can improve attention and behavioral control among those with ADHD.

A study that examined mindfulness training for adults with ADHD showed not only improved ADHD symptoms but also a comparison with medication indicated that mindfulness training can be just as effective as medication for controlling the symptoms. Measuring biomarkers (amplitudes of event-related potentials on the EEG) in the brain associated with ADHD symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity and inattention showed that mindfulness training improved the neurophysiological indicators for motivation, awareness of errors, and inhibiting impulsivity (Schoenberg, et al., 2014).

Another study showed that attending two 50 minute Tai Chi classes with a mindful emphasis twice a week for 15 weeks improved ADHD indicators in healthy young adults showing the possibility of Tai Chi training to aid with managing the symptom of inattention (Converse et al., 2014). From my own training in Tai Chi, I understand that 15 weeks is a relatively short time that only allows learning the fundamentals and that if changes are noticeable in that time period additional practice will only enhance the control over the symptoms. When I say it is a relatively short time, I mean it is the difference between learning how to play a game such as baseball and becoming proficient at it. A person can learn the fundamentals in a few months but have not mastered the game.

Again, it needs to be stressed as with other techniques, mindfulness is not something you do for a few months and expect the changes to last if you quit. Similar to exercise or even taking medication, you need to continue mindfulness as a lifestyle practice for it to continue to assist with controlling symptoms. To begin your mindfulness training, listen to the Understanding Mindfulness audios.

Converse, A.K., Ahlers, E.O., Travers, B.G. and Davidson, R.J. (2014) Tai chi training reduces self-report of inattention in healthy young adults. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8:13. DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2014.00013

Schoenber, P.L.A., Hepark, S., Kan, C.C., Barendregt, H.P., Buitelaar, J.K. and Speckens, A.E.M. (2014). Effects of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy on Neurophysiological correlates of performance monitoring in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Clinical Neurophysiology, 125, 1407-1416.


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